45 minutes that shocked the world. How Jesse Owens set five world records in a row

45 minutes that shocked the world. How Jesse Owens set five world records in a row 5
May 25, 1935 at the track and field competitions of ten US East Coast universities Big 10 at the Ferry Field Stadium in Ann Arbor, a distant suburb of Detroit, 21-year-old black athlete Grover Cleveland (Jesse) Owens set five world records within 45 minutes and repeated one more! Chronologically, it looked like this. At 3:15 p.m., Jesse entered the 100 yards (91.44 m) run and finished with a result of 9.4 seconds, repeating Frank Wyckoff's world record . Exactly ten minutes later, Owens made the only attempt in the sector for long jumps – 8 meters 13 centimeters! This was the first ever jump over the 8 meter mark, the previous world record (7.98) was set in 1931 by the Japanese Chukhey Nambu . After another 20 minutes, Jesse starts in the race for 220 yards in a straight line (201.17 m). The time is again a record – 20.3, moreover, at a distance of 200 meters. Previous records, both on the yard distance (20.6 Ronald Locke 1926), and on the metric (20.6 Ralph Metcalf 1933), were exceeded by three tenths of a second at once! and at 16.00 – the final form of the program for Owens – running the same 220 yards in a straight line, but already with barriers, a very popular distance until the 70s of the last century. The result – another convincing victory over rivals, and again with record results – 22.6! All the rules necessary for registering new records by the IAAF were met, and a light fair breeze never exceeded the allowable two meters per second. That warm May day turned out to be so amazing for a new, brightest star in world athletics. By the way, few remember how Jesse Owens performed before his triumph in Ann Arbor. Meanwhile, on February 23, 1935 in New York, he exceeded his own world achievement for long jump halls (7.81), flying away by 7.85 (it lasted in the table of records until 1960!). And in one of the first starts of the summer season, on April 26 in Des Moines, he jumped 7.97, only a centimeter less than the world record of the Japanese Nambu! There he ran 100 yards for 9.5. May 18 in Evanston, a week before the record starts in Ann Arbor, he managed to win 100 yards (9.4, the record was not counted) and 220 yards in a straight line (20.7). Jesse was born on September 12, 1913 in Oakville, Alabama in a family of farm laborers who worked on cotton plantations. The school where he studied had good sports traditions. By the age of 13, he had already managed to take part in 79 competitions, of which he won in 75! In 1928, the 14-year-old Owens ran a hundred meters for 10.8, jumped 1.83 and seven meters long. In 1933, a talented athlete became a student at Ohio State University, falling into the experienced hands of Larry Snyder subsequently the head coach of the US Olympic team. In the same 1933, the 19-year-old Jesse first won the U.S. Championship (AAU) in the long jump (7.48), and in the next three years he did this in jumps and sprints, in summer and winter, eight more times. Owens approached the competitions of the Olympic season of 1936. At the student championship of the USA in Chicago on June 20, he set a world record in the hundred-meter race – 10.2. And on July 11-12, at the Olympic selection of US athletes in New York, it was quite easy to win three “own” disciplines – running 100 and 200 meters (10.4 and 21.0), and then a long jump (7.89) . A real triumph was his performance at the Games of the XI Olympic Games in Berlin in early August. At distances of 100 and 200 meters, his advantage over rivals was unconditional (10.3 with the wind and 20.7, the highest world achievement). For example, at the 200-meter mark, he was ahead of the silver medalist, his teammate Mack Robinson by 0.4 seconds! However, in the long jump sector, Jesse met quite a serious resistance from the European champion (7.82) , German Karl-Ludwig "Lutz" Long . In the fifth attempt, Long jumped to 7.87, catching up with Owens leading with the same result. Jesse immediately responded with a jump of 7.94, and in his last attempt flew over eight meters – at 8.06! As in the 100 meters, the Olympic record did not work, because during all the final competitions, jumpers in length had a strong tail wind. On August 9, the last day of the Berlin Athletics competition, Jesse Owens won his fourth gold award. His hurricane start at the first stage of the 4×100 meter relay gave the US team a five-meter (!) Advantage over their closest rival, and then Ralph Metcalf Foy Draper and veteran Frank Wyckoff ] without visible effort closed the winning circle. The result – 39.8, a new world record, which was improved only 20 years later in the Olympic Melbourne! In Berlin, despite the seemingly insurmountable racial barrier, a real friendship arose between two peers – Jesse Owens and Lutz Long. And although they never had the opportunity to meet either at competitions or outside the stadium, the correspondence of rival friends lasted until the death of the European record holder (7.90 – 1937) on the island of Sicily in July 1943. “If they kill me in the war, promise to be a witness at my son’s wedding, – this request was fulfilled by Lutz Jesse in the early 50s, visiting the family of a deceased friend in Germany. And in August 2009, at the World Championships in Berlin, Owens’s granddaughter Marilyn Dorch and Long Kai’s son presented awards to the long jump winners together … And although Jesse Owens’s sports career ended almost immediately after the incredible Berlin triumph, when he was only 23 years old, he managed to become one of the most outstanding athletes of all time, far ahead of the era. Owens record in a hundred-meter (10.2), shown on a normal burner track, without starting blocks (!), Has long been considered the limit of human capabilities and was improved by 0.1 seconds only in 1956. And the record in the long jump lasted exactly a quarter of a century (it was beaten by an American Ralph Boston in August 1960, reaching 8.21). Jesse Owens warmly, with respect to Soviet athletes, was repeatedly an honored guest of the “Matches” Giants »USSR-USA. He dreamed of attending the 1980 Moscow Olympics. He died on March 31, 1980 in Tucson, Arizona at the 67th year of life from lung cancer.

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